Sex In The Summer is the first track on the second disc of Prince's 19th album Emancipation, the third album to be credited to .
Basic tracking dates are unknown, but it is likely that the track was recorded in two parts in Summer 1996 at Paisley Park Studios in Chanhassen, Minnesota; while the first part is a solo performance by Prince (as ), the second part of the track features Rhonda Smith and Kat Dyson, who joined 's band in June 1996. The backing track features a loop of the ultrasound heartbeat of Prince and Mayte's unborn child (later named "Amiir"), and the Emancipation album notes state that the original title of the track (presumably with different lyrics) was Conception.
Drum fills used throughout the song, including the song's opening, are sampled from Funkadelic's remake of Good Old Music (from their self-titled album Funkadelic, 1970), written by George Clinton and originally recorded by his previous band The Parliaments as Good Ole Music. The drum fills were played by Ramon "Tiki" Fulwood.